Monday, 22 February 2016 20:41

Unemployment

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Unemployment trends and structure in Vukovar, the VS and OB counties in 2010-2015 by sex, age and level of education

City of Vukovar

On 31.5.2015. the number of unemployed persons in the City of Vukovar was 2.337 (table 9), which is 556 less (2,85%) than 31.12.2010. In the total count, 1.072 (45,9%) are men, 1.265 women (54,1%). The largest number of unemployed are of ages 25-29 (13,1%), followed by 55-59 (13%) and 20-24 (12,1%). 

We can see from the above that there are a total of 654 unemployed young people in the range of 15-29, a total of 28% of the total percentage of unemployed persons. With respect to levels of education, the largest percentage of unemployed is in the group „high school up to three years  and qualified and highly qualified worker“ (33,4%), then the group „high school up to 4 years“ (26,7%), then the group „completed primary school“ (25%).

Vukovar-Syrmian County

On 31.5.2015. there were 16.797 unemployed in the VS County (table 10), which is 2.693 (13,81%) less than 31.12.2015. Of that number, 7.484 (44,6%) are men, and 9.313 women (55,4%). The age group dominating the unemployment rates is 20-24 (14,1%), followed by 25-29 (12,8%)  and 30-34 (11,2%). 

We can see from the above that in the age group of 15-29 a total of 5.289 young people are unemployed, a total of 31,5%. By education level groups, the largest percentage belongs to the group „high school up to three years and qualified and highly qualified worker“ (35,4%), then „completed high school“ (26,4%) followed by „high school up to 4 years“ (25,7%).

Osječko-baranjska County

On 31.5.2015. the number of unemployed persons in OB County was 31.820 (table 1), which is 2.391 (6,99%) less than 31.12.2015. Of the total number, 14.011 (44,0%) are men and 17.809 women (56,0%). The age groups dominating in unemployment are (12,8%), then 55-50 (12,7%) followed by 25-29 (12,5%). We can see from the above that there are a total of 9.360 young people unemployed in the age group 15-29, 29,4% of the total. With respect to education levels, the largest percentage of unemployed belongs to the group „high school up to three years and qualified and highly qualified worker“ (30,4%), then „high school up to 4 years“ (26,2%) followed by „completed primary school“ (22,5%).



Conclusions

The number of unemployed persons in the observed period has reduced. This would be good news if it were not for the reduction in the number of employed persons, which could point to de-population trends. 

The greatest reduction in unemployment was in VS County (13,81%). It is evident that women dominate in the unemployment structure. The percentage of unemployed women is the greatest in OB County (56%). 

As for age, the largest number of unemployed belong to the following age groups:

-  20-24 years;
-  55-59 years;
-  25-29 years;
-  30-34 years.

The greatest unemployment level is in the age structure of young people (15-29), ranging from 28% to 31% of the total percentage of unemployed persons.

As for educational structure, the largest number of unemployer persons belong to the following groups:

-  high school up to three years and qualified and highly qualified worker;
-  high school up to 4 years;
-  completed primary school.

Although high school is obligatory in Croatia, experience shows that it is often not enough to get a job, therefore educational policies and work policies should incentivize continued education after high school. The Programme VRH gives additional incentives to these activities, named „Youth guarantee“.

Number and structure of unemployed persons in the City of Vukovar according to sex, age and level of education

Source: Data from the Croatian Employment Service, June 2015 (www.hzz.hr)

Number and structure of unemployed persons in the Vukovar-Syrmian County according to sex, age and level of education

Source: Data from the Croatian Employment Service, June 2015 (www.hzz.hr)

Number and structure of unemployed persons in the Osijek-Baranja County according to sex, age and level of education


Source: Data from the Croatian Employment Service, June 2015 (www.hzz.hr)
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